Reconditioning Overview for Vertical Pianos

I. General Work

General cleaning inside
Strings & pressure bar cleaned
Plate tightened
Trap work tightened and greased
Casters tightened & lubed
Bench hardware tightened
Bed of felts replaced (if needed)
Piano case cleaned and scratch-covered
Cabinet waxed
Brass pedals & hardware buffed
White keys buffed
Front & balance rail keypins prolubed
Capstans prolubed
Tuning pins chemically-treated & driven (if needed)
Treble & bass bridges repaired (if needed)
Sounding board repaired (if needed)
Fallboard felt replaced (if needed)
Rubber buttons and knobs replaced (if needed)


II. Action Work

All action screws tightened (butt flanges, butt plates, whippen flanges, damper flanges, sticker tongue flanges, misc. hardware)
Hammer sanded & action blown out
Bridle straps replaced (if needed)
Butt felts replaced (if needed)
Back stop buckskin replaced (if needed)
Key bushings replaced (if needed)
Back check felts replaced (if needed)
Spring felts on butts & dampers replaced (if needed)
All action flanges chemically-treated, including butt flanges, whippen flanges, jack flanges, damper flanges (if needed)
Regulating button felts replaced (if needed)
Damper lifter rods cleaned & prolubed
Hammer rail felt replaced (if needed)
All loose flanges repinned (butt flanges, whippen flanges, jack flanges, damper flanges)
Spring rail springs replaced (if needed)
Hammers reinforced (if needed)
Jacks reinforced (if needed)
Rubber grommets oiled (replaced if needed)
Plastic elbows replaced (if needed)


III. Action Regulation

Keys eased
Hammers aligned
Key tilt and alignment adjusted
Hammer striking distance adjusted
Capstans adjusted
Keys leveled
Let-off adjusted
Key dip adjusted
Aftertouch adjusted
Back checks adjusted
Bridle straps adjusted
Pedal rods lubed & adjusted
Damper lift adjusted
Spoons adjusted
Check that hammer springs are in place
Pitch raises
Fine tuning
Fallboard adjusted to keys


IV. Final Check